Color, 1972, 76m.
Directed by Wakefield Poole
Starring Bill Harrison, Peter Fisk, Bill Cable, Lydia Black, Tom Bradford, Bruce Williams
Vinegar Syndrome (DVD) (US R0 NTSC)

BijouThe explosion of porno chic in movie theaters across America was something few people probably Bijouexpected, but even fewer could anticipate the simultaneous legitimization of all-male films from the realm of underground loops to full features with prominent ads in national newspapers. One of the most important players in this breakthrough was Wakefield Poole, who channeled his Broadway theatrical experience into a small but revolutionary body of work. His first feature, Boys in the Sand, made a star out of Casey Donovan but isn't exactly an artistic masterpiece; however, you certainly can't say that about his second film, Bijou.

A quantum leap both for the director and the industry, this stylized fantasy went on to influence the look of erotic films for years all the way through more acknowledged milestones like Cafe Flesh and the films of the Dark Brothers, not to mention more than a few music videos. In turn it's also a fascinating interpretation of art and exploitation films of the era, using in-camera effects, surreal compositions, and eye-popping lighting to evoke imagery worthy of The Frightened Woman or Moju the Blind Beast. The fact that it's filled with naked guys may put off less adventurous viewers, but for those willing to take the plunge, it's a strangely haunting film that has stood the test of time.

The opening sequence is both a priceless time capsule of '72 New York and an unexpectedly complex introduction as our protagonist, a nameless construction worker played by Bill Harrison, strolls through the streets. BijouHis mundane activity is intercut with a bald man driving nearby, while a woman approaches an intersection and ignores a traffic signal. When she's struck by the car, her purse goes flying to Harrison's feet, and he covertly slips it into his denim jacket. Back home in his tiny, depressing apartment, he's fascinated by the contents including a tube of lipstick and an invitation to a nearby theater called Bijou, with admission only at 7 p.m. BijouAfter taking care of himself in the shower, he decides to visit Bijou and, ushered through by a disinterested ticket taker, finds himself in a phantasmagorical world of lust and experimental films.

No less than Al Goldstein praised Bijou as one of the year's best films when it opened, no small praise considering it was competing with the likes of the similarly-themed but much darker Behind the Green Door. Here there's no question from Harrison's freeze frame grin at the end that it's supposed to be a positive, liberating experience, a dreamlike escape from the confusion of the real world. As usual with Poole, the film is mostly silent (there's only one real line of dialogue) and scored with evocative classical music apart from one scene with a couple of surprisingly high-profile rock songs. The cast is mostly unknowns apart from Fisk, Poole's boyfriend at the time and an actor in his previous film, and a puzzling role for Bill Cable (star of another Vinegar Syndrome release with the same street date) who plays a kind of master of ceremonies and mostly stands around striking poses with a whip. Unfortunately Poole's progression would stall significantly with his next film, the misunderstood softcore epic Bible!, which has undergone a recent reappraisal.

Bijou first debuted on DVD back in the early '00s as part of the self-distributed, two-disc BijouThe Wakefield Poole Collection, taken from a grungy master probably dating back to the early VHS era. The new HD transfer found in Vinegar Syndrome's 2014 release is a massive improvement in every respect, with vivid colors that seem to blaze off the screen. It's hard to believe some of the miracles filmmakers could achieve with 16mm at the time, and along with the films of Henry Paris, this is one of the most impressive examples. Poole is present throughout this disc, refusing to offer a concrete explanation for the film's meaning and instead stating numerous times that viewers have to create part of the experience in their own heads. He's present for both a new video intro, an audio commentary, and a vintage appearance on the cable access show Emerald City (sitting with Donovan), all of which piece together the story of this film. Most interestingly, he goes into depth about shooting all of the main bijou interiors in Donovan's empty apartment, using theatrical trickery to turn it into a dark, cavernous realm of the subconscious. He also talks about poor Harrison having to do his shower scene in freezing water, some continuity gaffes, the granddaughter of one cast member approaching him at an Anthology Film Archives screening, some improvisation during the climactic scene, and the artistic influence for the film's striking fluorescent lights ("Remove Shoes"). Perhaps the most amusing extra is a bonus four-minute segment in which Poole talks about screening the film for a notable psychology professor and his entire family... on Easter Sunday. Finally the disc rounds out with 14 minutes of unused audition footage of five anonymous actors (intended for the experimental projected film) and the theatrical trailer.

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Reviewed on May 3, 2014.